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L95 Dual mandate In British tropical Africa, 3 The original of this book is in the Cornell Sir F. D. LUGARD g.c.m.g., c.b., d.s.o. HON. Lugard: The Dual Mandate 2 translated into practice admits of wide differences of opinion and method. Obviously the extent to which native races are capable of. Lugard conceded that British methods had not produced ideal results a strong guiding principle of British rule, part of its “dual mandate” of reciprocal benefit.

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It was in Northern Nigeria, however, that the system had its most profound expression. During this period he served first on the Temporary Slavery Commission and was involved in organising the Slavery Convention. Lugard aggravated many groups in Yorubaland when he ignored tradition and arbitrarily elevated the status of some rulers.

Catalog Record: The dual mandate in British tropical Africa | Hathi Trust Digital Library

However, the region provided abundant sources of raw materials and markets for manufactured goods. He also saw state-sponsored colonisation as a way to lugatd missionaries, local chiefs and local people from each other, as well as from foreign powers.

In Northern Nigeria, the revenue that allowed state development projects was less because the taxes was absent and thus funding of projects was covered from revenue generated in the south. The chiefs manxate expected to transmit these received instructions to the indigenous people and see to their implementation.

The Igbo, for instance, lived in fragmented societies and did not develop a monarchical political institution. It was adopted lguard colonial officials in a number of British possessions such as Sierra Leone, the Gold Coast, and Uganda.

The London Gazette Supplement. For Lugard, lygard was also vital that Britain gain control of unclaimed areas before GermanyPortugal or France claimed the land and its resources for themselves. While administering Uganda, he journeyed round the Rwenzori Mountains to Lake Edwardmapping a large area of the country.


There were no children from the marriage.

DUAL MANDATE, AFRICA (Western Colonialism)

He was cremated at Woking Crematorium. Continuity was vital because Africans trusted foreigners reluctantly. She was a writer for The Times and coined the place-name Nigeria.

To help us prevent spam submissions, please type the text in the image below:. Head of Zeus Ltd. As theorized by Lugard, the native authority retained, as much as possible, its traditional powers and character. The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugardthe best known of the British colonial officers to serve in Africa.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The African Lakes Company depot at Karonga was evacuated at the end of the year but in MayCaptain Lugard, persuaded by the British Consul at Mozambique, arrived to lead an expedition against Mlozi, sponsored by the African Lakes Company but without official British Government support.

He believed that “the typical African Stanley during the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition. Decentralization at all levels of government, with a strong coordinating authority in the center, allowed for greater efficiency.

As governor-general of a unified Nigeria, Lugard hoped that the system would work in the southern provinces. In direct rule as a principle of colonial local government became the standard policy in most of British Africa. Some believed that if the proposal were carried through, Hong Kong might forever remain in British hands. Pottinger Davis Bonham Bowring H. In LugarLugard departed on foot from Mombasa for Uganda to secured British predominance over German influence in the area and put an end to the luyard disturbances between factions in the kingdom of Buganda.

He became the first chancellor, despite a cold receptions from the imperial Colonial Office and local British companies, such as the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. Although, the Yoruba possessed a centralized political system, it was less autocratic than the Sokoto Caliphate. Olufemi Taiwo argues that Lugard actually blocked qualified Africans, who had been educated in Britain, from playing an active role in the development of the country; he distrusted white “intellectuals” as much as black ones – believing that the principles they were taught in the universities were often wrong.


His book is a masterpiece of literature and policymaking, though contemporary readers will find his defense of British colonialism in Africa racist and paternalistic. The emirs were highly autocratic.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Lugard, assisted by his indefatigable wife, Flora Shaw, concocted a legend which warped understanding of him, Nigeria and colonialism for decades. It offered a comprehensive evaluation of the nature and challenges of British rule in Africa.

Following the Fulani jihad ofthe hitherto individualistic and competing Hausa states became united under a strong centralized theocratic state known as the Sokoto Caliphate. Lugard was mqndate into the 9th Foot East Norfolk Regiment injoining the second battalion in India and serving in the following campaigns:. Governors of Hong Kong. Finally, Lugard reasoned that lugsrd had become a fad and that, in order to remain a super power, Britain would need to hold colonies to avoid appearing weak.

The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, by Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1965)

Nonetheless, The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is illuminating for readers seeking to understand the foundations of British colonial policies in Africa. Proconsular Imperialism fual Southern and Eastern Africa, Lugard was appointed to the Distinguished Service Order in Territories acquired through conquest, cession, settlement, or annexation were designated as Crown Colonies. Colonial policies thus reached the people through their own chiefs firsthand, giving the impression of a native rule.