In his latest book, fairy tales expert Jack Zipes explores the question of why some fairy tales “work” and others don’t, why the fairy tale is. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Zipes, Jack David. Why fairy tales stick: the evolution and relevance of a genre / Jack Zipes. p. cm. Includes. In his latest book, fairy tales expert Jack Zipes explores the question of why some fairy tales “work” and others don’t, why the fairy tale is uniquely capable of.
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Why Fairy Tales Stick : The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre
Just as we as a species have evolved, Zipes sticm, so has the oral folk tale been transformed as literary fairy tale to assist us in surviving and adapting to our environment. The available materials offer us two things: This last stage is followed again by stage 1, thus closing the replication loop. Each tale involves some kind of journey into the woods, onto the sea, or to another city.
In this frame tale, Zoza, the daughter of the King of Vallepelosa, cannot laugh, and her father is so concerned about her happiness that he invites people from all over the world to try to make her laugh. How did literary fairy tales originate?
What we do know, as Jan Ziolkowski has pointed out, is that: In the last analysis, however, even if we cannot establish whether a wonder tale is ideologically conservative, radical, sexist, progressive, and so on, it is the celebration of miraculous or fabulous transforma- tions in the name of hope that accounts for its major appeal.
For instance, I think Zipes is too hard on the Grimms.
Project MUSE – Why Fairy Tales Stick: The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre (review)
With cognitive adaptations and modules articulated in this manner rather than equated, the massive modularity thesis should become much more plausible and acceptable. E rated it really liked it Aug 01, The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre The basic question, then, becomes: The Evolution zipees Relevance of a Genre a canvas upon which other listeners, readers, writers, and tellers could manipulate the igures as they desired.
Rhia rated it really liked it Jun 05, Sex is obviously sinful. It is a system in the process of continual transformation, and the question of the ori- gins zipse never leave historically the terrain of the genres themselves.
Why, in other words, fairy tales “stick. Stra- parola begins most of his tales in small towns or cities in Italy and sends his protagonists off to other countries, realms, and, of course, into the woods or onto the seas. He followed her but arrived at her house just at the moment she entered. A text does not in itself belong to a genre, but it is placed in relation to one or many genres at the point of production as well as at the point of reception-interpretation.
We copy and change all the time, and we are disposed to copying memes that want to be copied. In this formulation, “strains” does not mean “tensions” but rather alludes to the evolving lineage of the moral information contained in the tales, in the way that one would speak of a strain of virus. According to our discursive concept of text, the meaning of written tales is generated by this complex interaction of textual forces such as thematic-semantic coniguration, textual composition and micro- linguistic texture, with text-transcending forces such as genericity, inter- texutality, paratextuality and cotextuality.
The object was to discuss erotic subjects in a highly reined manner. The notion of polygen- esis was also at the basis of the British anthropological scholars Edward Burnett Tylor —Andrew Lang —and James George Frazer — ,9 who maintained that, since the human species was similar throughout the world, humans responded to their environment in similar ways, giving rise to identical tales that varied only accord- ing to the customs they developed.
Zipes holds that fairy tales have “stuck” in people’s minds because they have purposefully evolved in order to remain relevant. How did this behavior evolve? Zipes holds that fairy tales have “stuck” in people’s minds because they have purposefully evolved in order to remain relevant.
These we may call speech genres. Most of the tales in the second wave have clear textual references to a literary genre that had established itself, but it should not be regarded as separate from the oral tradition, for conversation, talk, discussions, and readings often formed the basis for literary production, no matter what the social class of the author was.
Over the past twenty years I have received wise counsel and help from Bill Germano, my former editor at Routledge, to whom I have ded- icated this book. The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre Although I have always subscribed to stickk notion that the classical fairy tales tend to be overtly patriarchal and politically conservative in structure and theme and relect the dominant interests of social groups that control cultural forces of production and reproduction, I have never been able to explain satisfactorily why the canonical tales stick with us and why they are so catchy when there are so many other fascinating and artistic tales that are just as good if not better than the canonical tales we tend to repeat and are predisposed to know.
Why Fairy Tales Stick: It is a utopian quest that we continue to record through the metaphors of the fairy tale, even today. The syick is as-signed a task, and the task is a sign.
The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre very speciic commentaries on the mores and manners of their times.
Why Fairy Tales Stick: The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre by Jack D. Zipes
To be fully developed a genre has to be instituted in a society; that is, it must be accepted and used by different groups as a speciic mode of entertainment, communication, and social- ization. Neither can a meme, and the fairy tale cannot be understood as genre if we do not take into account the manner in which it interacts with and depends on other genres. To my mind it is not suficient now to argue as I have done in the past that the classi- cal tales have been consciously and subconsciously reproduced largely in print by a cultural industry that favors patriarchal and reactionary notions of gender, ethnicity, behavior, and social class.
Troubadours, professional court storytellers, kings, queens, merchants, slaves, servants, sailors, soldiers, spinners, weavers, seamstresses, wood- cutters, tailors, innkeepers, nuns, monks, preachers, charcoal burners, and knights carried tales as did children. Eventually, the oral wonder tales were transmitted to Europe via Spain, Greece, and Sicily through trade, migration, and the Crusades.
If women were regarded as the originators and disseminators of these tales, then the texts themselves had to be suspicious, for they might relect the ickle, duplicitous, wild, and erotic character of women, who were not to be trusted.
Two detectives interrogate her, but largely due to their male prejudices, they do not believe her story about attempted rape. I also tried to analyze the ideologi- cal impact of fairy tales as they were conceived and used to socialize children.
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It must also have effective modes of publicity, dissemination, and reception that will enable the genre to take root in society. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account.