Updated : Oct 16, 2019 in Literature


public management, such as a more entrepreneurial alignment of universities in single federal states of Germany (Hochschulfreiheitsgesetz NRW ) [8]. public management, such as a more entrepreneurial alignment of universities in single federal states of Germany (Hochschulfreiheitsgesetz NRW ) [12]. Nordrhein-Westfalen: Hochschulfreiheitsgesetz (HFG) vom (GVBl. , consulted.

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In addition, accreditation is indispensable if university education offered by private higher educations is to be recognised in the labour market.

Research and teaching is, in principle, an area of autonomous responsibility free from external control; this is because the academic sphere can best fulfil its hochsfhulfreiheitsgesetz if it is free from considerations of its social usefulness or its political expediency cf.

In practice, however, the requirement of state hochschulfreiheitagesetz […] essentially compels private higher education institutions to have their study programmes accredited, if they want to be recognised by the state.

In order to avoid potential external control that would be academically inadequate, sufficient participation by academics is indispensable, especially in the process of determining evaluation criteria.

The number of students from China at the BUW has more than doubled within the last ten years and now stands at as of 16 April. While it may be permissible to restrict the freedom of research and teaching in order to ensure the quality of teaching see below bthe legislature itself must determine those issues relating to quality assurance that are considered essential under constitutional law see below c ; this standard was not met in the case at hand see below d.

Download full text from publisher File URL: Yet, it is not discernible that the accreditation of study programmes, to support the freedom of professional and occupational training under Art. You can help adding them by using this form. Admittedly, less-restrictive means would be available, in form of a review limited to formal compliance with relevant standards or as a review limited to plausibility and evident errors in the self-documentation submitted by higher education institutions.

In proceedings pursuant to Art. These judicial review proceedings concern provisions of Land law which govern the accreditation of study programmes.

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The Bologna Declaration on the European Higher Education Area is a mere measure of cooperation to pursue European objectives in the education sector.

The decisive factor is that, in practice, the legislature essentially made accreditation mandatory. On 23 June, Ranga Yogeshwar, a prominent science journalist, is awarded an honorary doctorate by the School of Electrical, Information and Media Engineering. The foundation stone of a new building opposite building K is laid on 29 April; this will be housing the Schools of Engineering and Natural Sciences.

Ensuring the quality of academic teaching is one such aim. The students may participate to the extent that they can invoke the fundamental right to freedom of professional and occupational training Art. The total number of students rises to over 17, This applies to so-called fixed references to legal provisions in a specified version of another statute. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the “citations” tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

This does not exceed the margin of appreciation and prognosis granted to the legislature in determining necessity cf.

Wie das Hochschulfreiheitsgesetz Hochschulen noch freier machen könnte

However, the referred provisions fail to satisfy the substantive requirements of Art. The School of Education — inaugural ceremony held on 29 October — aims to strengthen school-focused educational research and optimise the training offered to students aiming to become teachers; it was officially established and given school status on 9 March.

A higher education degree can only enable access to professions if the degree hhochschulfreiheitsgesetz confers specific qualifications, if potential employers recognise its quality, and if hochschulfreihfitsgesetz degree can be compared with other degrees on the labour market.

Admittedly, the legislature is not required by the Constitution to address all matters that are essential in a single piece of legislation.


The prerequisite that accreditation be obtained also interferes with the rights of teaching staff, and of faculties or departments. With respect to quality assurance in higher education, the legislature must also establish a comprehensive structure in which decision-making powers and participation rights, influence, information and monitoring, are designed in a manner that avoids jeopardising free academic teaching cf. Wiesen Physical Chemistry has been coordinating this EU research project on air pollution since The evaluation also relates to the competence of teaching staff, who are thus held accountable by an external institution that is not part of their higher education institution.


The referral is well-founded. In view of the present-day internationalisation of labour markets and of research and teaching, the legislature may also require the accreditation process to evaluate the international comparability of study programmes, provided that other criteria do not supersede the relevant discipline-specific academic criteria. In the initial proceedings, the parties are in dispute as to whether it was lawful for the defendant, an accreditation agency, to refuse the accreditation of two study programmes offered by the claimant, a private university of applied sciences.

On 23 July, the second University Council is elected for a period of five years. The university management is now supervised by the Ministry.

The new Rectorate assumes office on 1 September. According to an announcement made on 8 June, Wuppertal-based particle physicists Prof. The requirement that study programmes at higher education institutions be accredited bears on the scope of protection of Art.

This directly affects the general and the teaching-related organisational autonomy of higher education institutions, also with regard to their budgets. As a result, only interests from outside the academic community are represented in the council.

It is financed and controlled by higher education institutions, business associations, expert and professional associations, as well as social-partnership organisations; the agency itself was first accredited in December and re-accredited in June Thus, the fundamental right to freedom of research and teaching does not stand in the way of requirements to ensure proper academic teaching cf.

In the proceedings for. Ursula Kocher, literary scholar at the BUW. Thus, the legislature has made accreditation a prerequisite for state recognition. The referral is admissible. As the referred provisions already fail to satisfy the requirements of Art. This does not ensure that evaluation by peer review will take place in a manner adequate to academic rationale.