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In epistemology, and more specifically, the sociology of knowledge, reflexivity refers to circular . Economic philosopher George Soros, influenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper (), has been an active promoter of the. This led me to start questioning the assumptions of economic theory. In Section 2, I shall explain the concepts of fallibility and reflexivity in. When I first read The Alchemy of Finance by George Soros, I thought his “theory of reflexivity” was absurd. It seemed to be an ex post facto.

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Because the pattern is self-reinforcing, markets tend towards disequilibrium. Lists Anthropologists by nationality Anthropology by year Bibliography Journals Geogre of indigenous peoples Organizations.

Reflexivity was taken up as an issue in science in general by Karl Popperwho called it the ‘Oedipal effect’, and more comprehensively by Ernest Nagel For Bourdieu, therefore, reflexivity is part of the solution, not the problem.

Soros has often claimed that his grasp of the principle of reflexivity is what has given him his “edge” and that it is the major factor contributing to his successes geofge a trader.

Nonetheless, many anthropologists have accused the “writing cultures” approach of muddying the scientific aspects of anthropology with too much introspection about fieldwork relationships, and reflexive anthropology have been heavily attacked by more positivist anthropologists. Reflexivity has emerged as both an issue and a solution in modern approaches to the problem of structure and agencyfor example in the work of Anthony Giddens in his structuration theory and Pierre Bourdieu in his genetic structuralism.


Within that part of recent sociology of science that has been called the strong programmereflexivity is suggested as a methodological norm or principle, meaning that a full theoretical account of the social construction of, say, scientific, religious or ethical knowledge systems, should itself be explainable by the same principles and methods as used for accounting for these other knowledge systems. Reflexivity, therefore, raises real issues regarding the extent to which the social sciences may ever be viewed as “hard” sciences analogous to classical physics, and raises questions about the nature of the social sciences.

While Archer emphasizes the agentic aspect of reflexivity, reflexive orientations can themselves be seen as being socially and temporally embedded.

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Palgrave Macmillan Grunberg, E. This is similar to the notion of autonomy. Rooted in literary criticism and philosophical analysis of the relationship of anthropologist, representations of people in texts, and the people represented, this approach has fundamentally changed ethical and methodological approaches in anthropology.

This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat A high level of social reflexivity would be defined by an individual shaping their own norms, tastes, politics, desires, and so on. Innovation may or may not change ggeorge, but since reflexivity is intrinsic to many cultural revlexivity, reflexivity is part of tradition and not inauthentic.

Studies of play and tricksters further expanded ideas about reflexive cultural practices. Making our way through the world: They can play with, comment upon, debate, modify, and objectify culture through manipulating many different features in recognized ways.

Reflexivity is, therefore, a methodological issue in the social sciences analogous to the observer effect. Giddens accentuated this theme with his notion of ” reflexive modernity ” gheory the argument that, over time, society is becoming increasingly more self-aware, reflective, and hence reflexive.

Policy Sociology as a Public Good. Reflexivity presents a problem for science because if a prediction reflexivty lead to changes in the system that the prediction is made in relation to, it becomes difficult to assess scientific hypotheses by comparing the predictions they entail with the events that actually occur. Thus for example an anthropologist living in an isolated village may affect the village and the behaviour of its citizens under study.


Social Dramas and Stories about Them. In social theoryreflexivity may occur when theories in a discipline should apply equally forcefully to the discipline itself, for example in the case that the theories of knowledge construction in the field of sociology of scientific knowledge should apply equally to knowledge construction by sociology of scientific knowledge practitioners, or when the subject matter of a discipline should apply equally well to the ggeorge practitioners of that discipline, for example when psychological theory should explain the psychological mental processes of psychologists.

Retrieved from ” https: Production as Social Change: ThomasThe Child in America: From Refpexivity, the free encyclopedia. University of Chicago Press.

Views Read Edit View history. Simonhas been debated as a major issue in relation to the Lucas Critiqueand has been raised as a methodological issue in economic science arising from the issue of reflexivity in the sociology of scientific knowledge SSK literature. Theody of Social Theory. Sociological terminology Sociological theories George Soros. The Credit Crisis of and What it Means 1st ed.

The reflexive imperative in late modernity. A reflexive relationship is bidirectional with both the cause and the effect affecting one another in a relationship in which neither can be assigned as causes or effects. This is an instance of a positive feedback loop.