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El Estructuralismo de Titchener ” OBRAS ” Sus principales obras son: * Psicología experimental () * Sensación y atención (). Edward Titchener. MG. María Alejandra González Vallejo. Updated 18 March Transcript. -Naciones de psicología (). -La nueva psicología (). Structuralism in psychology (also structural psychology) is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Structuralism in psychology also structural psychology [1] is a theory of consciousness developed by Titchenee Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.

To do this, psychologists employ introspection, self-reports of sensations, views, feelings, emotions, etc. The main critique of structuralism was its focus on introspection as the method by which to gain an understanding of conscious experience. Titchener rejected Wundt’s notions of apperception and creative synthesis voluntary actionwhich were the basis of Wundt’s voluntarism.

His conclusions were largely based on ideas of associationism. The second issue in Titchener’s theory of structuralism was the question of how the mental elements combined esstructuralismo interacted with each other to form conscious experience. Unlike Wundt’s method of introspection, Titchener had very strict wunddt for the reporting of an introspective analysis.

It is considered to be the first “school” of psychology [4] [5]. Structuralism has faced a large amount of criticism, particularly from the school of psychology, functionalism which later evolved into the psychology of pragmatism reconvening introspection into acceptable practices of observation.

Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. One alternative theory to structuralism, to which Titchener took offense, was functionalism functional psychology. Functionalism was developed by William James in contrast to structuralism. However, introspection only fits Wundt’s theories if the term is taken to refer to psychophysical methods.

These elements could be broken down into their respective properties, which he determined were qualityintensitydurationclearnessand extensity. Structuralism also believes that the mind could be dissected into its individual parts, which then formed conscious experience.


Titcheneralong with Wilhelm Wundtis credited for the theory of structuralism.

Structuralism (psychology)

Psychology the Science of Behaviour. Some critics also pointed out that introspective techniques actually resulted in retrospection — the memory of a sensation rather than the sensation itself. In particular, Titchener focuses on the law of contiguitywhich is the idea that the thought of something will tend to cause thoughts of things that are usually experienced along with it.

The main tool Titchener used to try to determine the different components of consciousness was introspection.

Psicología de la Conciencia: Wundt, Leipzig, Gestalt

This simply means that the complex perceptions can be raised through basic sensory information. Besides theoretical attacks, structuralism was criticized for excluding and ignoring important developments happening outside of structuralism.

Therefore, by following this train of thinking all thoughts were images, which being constructed from elementary sensations meant that all complex reasoning and thought could eventually be broken down into just the sensations which he could get at through introspection. Titchener translated these works for the G audience, and in so doing misinterpreted Wundt’s meaning.

This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic.

Wikipedia articles with style issues from July All articles with style issues. Sensations elements of perceptionsImages elements of ideasand affections elements of emotions.

Wundt believes this type of introspection to titcener acceptable since it uses laboratory instruments to vary conditions and make results of internal perceptions more precise. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. For Wilhelm Dilthey’s concept of structural psychology, see Structural psychology Dilthey.

Critics argue that self-analysis was not feasible, since introspective students cannot appreciate the processes or mechanisms of their estrcuturalismo mental processes. It stressed the importance of empirical, rational thought over an experimental, trial-and-error philosophy.

The state of consciousness which is to be the matter of psychology Introspectiontherefore, yielded different results depending on who was using it and what they were seeking. However, radical behaviorism includes thinking, feeling, and private events in its theory and analysis of psychology.


Titchener argued that attention was simply a manifestation of the “clearness” property within sensation. Titchener believed the mind was the accumulated experience of a lifetime. Structuralism as a school of psychology seeks to analyze the adult mind the total sum of experience from birth to titcheher present in terms of the simplest definable components and then to find how these components fit together to estructurapismo more complex experiences as well as how they correlate to physical events.

In his translation of Wundt’s work, Titchener illustrates Wundt as a supporter of introspection as a method through which to observe titchenee. Titchener’s theory began with the question of what each element of the mind is. Titchener himself was criticized for not using his psychology to help answer practical problems. Because he was a student of Wilhelm Wundt at the University of LeipzigTitchener’s ideas on how the mind estructuraljsmo were heavily influenced by Wundt’s theory of voluntarism and his ideas of association and apperception the passive and active combinations of elements of consciousness respectively.

He then used this translation to show that Wundt supported Titchener’s own theories. The reason for this confusion lies in the translation of Wundt’s writings. He believed that he could understand reasoning and the structure of the mind if he could define and categorize the basic components of mind and the rules by which the components interacted.

Therefore, the nervous system does not cause conscious experience, but can be used to explain some characteristics of mental events.

Views Read Edit View history. Wilhelm Wundt instructed Titchener, the founder of structuralism, at the University of Leipzig. Retrieved from ” https: He concluded from his research that there were three types of mental elements constituting conscious experience: