Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .
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It was a major source of bright to dark red colours in the big European cotton-printing industries, e. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 46 2: Powdered heartwood can be made into ointment with shea butter for sprains, swollen nihida, and rheumatic pains.
Modern research has shown that several medically active compounds are present in the leaves, including saponins, flavonoid glycosides and true tannins[ ].
BoxAH Wageningen, Netherlands. The distribution of Baphia nitida. In some regions the tree is considered sacred, endowed with the power to protect against evil spirits and to attract benevolent ones.
By soaking the dried and ground roots in water a red liquid is obtained, which is used for painting furniture. It was formerly cultivated as a dyewood. Visit our blog on Blogspot.
In some areas it is associated with superstitions; in southeast Nigeria the Ijo people carve fetish objects from it to protect an area from evil spirits. The wood is extremely hard, heavy and durable, close-grained and of fine texture.
It is hardy to zone UK The heartwood is pale brown when fresh, turning rapidly to dark red or orange upon exposure. It grows up to 10 m tall and nitidw across and usually planted as an ornamental shade tree or hedge. The seeds are edible[ ]. In Nigeria the seeds are eaten by Igbo people and the twigs are used as chewing sticks. Citation in bahpia articles.
Baphia nitida close up of a flower obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. Baphia nitida Aluka – Baphia nitida Lodd. The dye is soluble in alkali and alcohol, much less so in water. A guide to the wayside trees of Singapore. Don Delaria pyrifolia Desv. Journal of Separation Science Being easy to propagate and fast growing, camwood can also be planted as a hedge as has been done by the IITA Forest Project opposite the research shade houses.
An ointment made from bahia leaves showed anti-inflammatory activity in mice and nitjda and this supported the external use in traditional medicine. Organic and Bio-organic Chemistry 2: These are followed by pointed pods, 7cm 3 ins long, which ripen in October and split open to release one or two dark brown, shiny seeds.
The dye is found in the heartwood, which often is of small size. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf. Extraction of the colorants in the countries where the trees grow, to produce liquid or powdered extracts, would bring much added value and allow further use of the extracted wood as fuel.
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Barwood, Dolo, Doro, African Sandalwood. The export was mainly in the shape of logs cut into short lengths rather than in the form of powder or extract, allegedly to facilitate quality control. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ ]. Baphia baohia wood is used nitjda house posts, rafters, naves of wheels and utensils such as walking sticks, mortars, pestles, tool-handles and farm implements.
Finely ground root bark, mixed with honey, is taken against asthma. Up to about the s there was considerable export of camwood particularly from Sierra Leone and Liberia to Europe and the United States, both as dye and for wood turning and cabinet making.
Baphia Nitida Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients
It is an extremely variable species. The powdered heartwood is made into an ointment with shea butter Vitellaria paradoxa and is applied to stiff and swollen joints, sprains and rheumatic complaints[ ]. When freshly cut the sapwood is yellowish white, emitting an unpleasant smell, scarcely darkening when dry.
If you wish to contribute any images, documents, videos or other forms of media, or if you have any queries…. In the leaves saponins, flavonoid glycosides and true tannins are present. The dye is used by African natives to decorate their faces during ceremonial dances, also as a paint for religious objects.
For dyeing purposes, the sapwood is bapjia from the trunk and the heartwood is sawn or cut into parts 30—50 cm long and dried. Seed – For best results cuttings should be taken from rather young parts of the plant[ ]. Read more about the Fabaceae family.
Camwood (Baphia nitida)
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. It reaches about 9 m 30 ft and produces small, fragrant pea flowers, white with yellow centres, from February to May. In Nigeria, Tiv people colour the inside of a gourd prepared as a beehive with the red dye to attract a swarm to settle there and Yoruba honey-hunters rub their body with the dye paste to prevent bee-stings[ ].