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PDF | On Jan 1, , Piotr Gąsiorowski and others published Review of Katamba, Francis. An introduction to phonology. An Introduction to Phonology has 29 ratings and 3 reviews. This is a practical introduction to generative phonology for the novice, reflecting the trends. An introduction to phonological theory placed within the framework of recent mainstream generative phonology. The book is divided into two.

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Very special thanks also go to my editors and colleagues Mr. Before we delve any deeper into phonology we shall explore the ibtroduction of these phonetic and phonological properties.

This is done to relate sentences like Money is what I need and What I need is money. The SPE system of distinctive features 53 T O N E It is katamha to distinguish between tone and pitch. The list in [4. We shall consider some possible reasons for this at the end of this chapter.

Introduction to Phonology

When this mech- anism is employed, air too expelled from the lungs, up the windpipe and gets out through the mouth, or through the nose, or through both. For the most part, phonological alternation in the shape of a mor- pheme has a phonetic motivation and that motivation tends to be similar in different languages.

Badouin de Courtenay is probably the best known holder of this view. English, stressed vowels retain their full vowel quality while unstressed vowels are reduced to some muffled vowel sound like schwa [a].

An Introduction to Phonology by Francis Katamba

Actors need to be convincing mimics of a wide range of accents. This is not accidental. It is only meant to show some of the commonest assimilation processes found in the languages of the world.


Given the fact that speech is a continuum, the process of putting the vocal cords close together to produce voicing or keeping them wide apart to produce voicelessness is not always perfectly synchronised with other articulatory gestures. Other methods like the gnashing of teeth may be easy to control, but have their drawbacks – the wear and tear which gnashing of teeth would entail must have ruled out that method.

The production of speech 3 If, on the other hand, the vocal cords are very close together, the air will blow them apart as it forces its way through. Hamoon rated it liked it Nov 26, This knowledge is for the most part unconscious just in the same way that knowledge of how to build boats which can float when fully laden has been in the minds of boat builders from time immemorial – long before they had any explicit understanding of the principles of physics involved.

However, no linguist, has yet discovered a community that has a language in which noises produced by any one of these mechanisms are used to form words. Lists What are lists? Salar rated it it was amazing Sep 16, You no doubt have chosen bintlement as the only potential English word. To such a hearer inn consists of just two sharply- separated sounds: For simplicity’s sake, phoneticians assume that lips can pgonology only two positions: In both languages the assimi- lation is automatic.

This single location in Australian Capital Territory: A classic example of this is provided by [rj] and [h] in English. Someone w h o has not studied phonetics has scarcely any vocabulary for describing spoken English other than the names of the letters of the alphabet and possibly terms like ‘consonant’, bh and ‘syllable’; but these are often interpreted as graphological, i. The term ‘liquid’ is conventionally used to refer to T and ‘r’-like sounds.


The relevant examples are not repeated here.

An Introduction to Phonology

Because the feature system is binary, there is no way of showing that certain vowels are neither front nor back; central vowels are grouped together with back vowels.

Study the data below and identify the phonetic context in which the voiced and voiceless member of each pair occurs.

It is worth stressing that the relationship between a family of sounds is not like that between members of a human family. Phonology in the wider context Bibliography.

In C the speaker once again anticipates the palatal approximant and has the tongue making contact with the alveo-palatal region and drops the [j] sound which triggered off the palatalis- ation in the first place. Take the case of a language which distinguishes four degrees of vowel height and has the vowels [i e e a] or a language that distinguishes four places of articulation and has the bilabial, alveolar, palatal and velar nasal consonants [m n ji rj].

Borchardt Library, Melbourne Bundoora Campus. Speakers of Northern English may have the introductikn [u] in [nu’tmeg].